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Este trabajo realizó un análisis bibliométrico de correlación entre palabras claves relacionadas al análisis de ciclo de vida (ACV) y sistemas de tratamiento de agua residual, buscando identificar la relevancia del tratamiento con microalgas. La biomasa de estos microorganismos permite la valorización del efluente residual ya que puede ser empleada en la obtención de energía a través del biogás generado en la digestión de reactores anaerobios y también como fuente potencial para la producción de metabolitos de alto valor industrial. La mayoría de los ACV obtenidos en la búsqueda emplean flujos de referencia como la cantidad de biomasa producida, volumen de agua tratada y equivalentes producidos por persona. Las unidades funcionales más reportadas corresponden a 1m3 de agua residual tratada y aguas residuales producidas por equivalente poblacional. La herramienta predominante para el desarrollo de los ACV correspondió al software SimaPro, aplicando la metodología de impactos ReCiPe.

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